Shabana Kalsoom, Shahida Hussain
|Address of Correspondence
Dr. Shabana Kalsoom, Senior Registrar
Obstetrics & Gynaecology,
Nawaz Sharif Medical College Gujrat, Pakistan
Objectives: to determine the seroprevalence and potential
risk factors for hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and Human
Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infections among pregnant women.
Study Design: cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration: it was carried out from 1
Jan 2014 to 31st May 2014 at Aziz Bhatti Shaheed Hospital Gujrat
affiliated with Nawaz Sharif Medical College Gujrat.
Methodology: One thousand and thirty women, who
attended the outpatient department for antenatal care, were included
in the study. A proforma was filled by the attending doctor and
blood sample was taken for screening of HBV, HCV and HIV by ELISA
Technique at the first antenatal visit. Data was analyzed by statistical
Package for Social Sciences version 16.
Results: Out of the 1030 women screened 109 (10.57%)
were found to be positive for these viral infections, 26 (2.5%)
for Hepatitis B virus, 63 (6.1%) for hepatitis C virus, 18 (1.7%)
for human immunodeficiency virus and 2 (0.2%) had more than one
infection. Among the sociodemographic factors education and residence
had no effect on disease prevalence. Hepatitis C was more prevalent
in multiparous women (n=53).Risk factors identified included use
of frequent injections (for hepatitis B n=7, for Hepatitis C n=14
and for human immunodeficiency virus n=5), blood transfusion (n=16
for hepatitis C and n=7 for human immunodeficiency virus.) and
previous surgery (n=23 for hepatitis C).
Conclusion: The overall prevalence of these viral
infections is high. The risk factors included multiparity, frequent
use of injections, blood transfusion and surgery.
Keywords: Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, HIV, Prevalence,
Risk Factors, Pregnancy.
[Download Complete Original
Format File Size: 40 KB(PDF)
Format File Size: 1.88 MB(PDF)